Many people believe local government is most responsive
to the needs of the people. County government, in particular, is
responsive, largely because the people in charge of county government
are elected locally. The Constitution of the State of Idaho (Article 18,
Section 6) provides for the election, every four years, of a sheriff, a
treasurer, an auditor-clerk-recorder, an assessor, and a coroner.
§31-703, Idaho Code (I.C.), mandates that two county commissioners serve
two-year terms and the third serves a four-year term. The four-year term
alternates between the commissioners, based on the number of the
district each represents.
Each official is charged with particular duties and responsibilities in
the operation of county government. A person can better understand
county government by examining each elected officer’s respective duties.
Enumeration of County Officers
§31-2001, I.C., lists the various County Officials
required for county government. They include:
Three County Commissioners
A Clerk of the District Court (also serves as Auditor
A Prosecuting Attorney
A Treasurer (also serves as Public Administrator
and Tax Collector)
Except for the County Commissioners, these officials are
empowered to appoint such deputies as are necessary (§31-2003, I.C.) for
the "prompt and faithful discharge of the duties of...office."